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Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone (born August 16, 1958 in Bay City, Michigan) better known simply as Madonna aka is an American singer, songwriter, actress and entrepreneur whose immense popularity in the 1980s and ’90s allowed her to achieve levels of power and control unprecedented for a woman in the entertainment industry.
Madonna is known for continuously reinventing both her music and image, and for retaining a standard of autonomy within the recording industry. She attained immense popularity by pushing the boundaries of lyrical content in mainstream popular music and imagery in her music videos, which became a fixture on MTV. Critics have praised her diverse musical productions which have also been known to induce controversy.
Born into a large Italian-American family, Madonna studied dance at the University of Michigan and with the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in New York City in the late 1970s before relocating briefly to Paris as a member of Patrick Hernandez’s disco revue.
Her parents are Silvio "Tony" Ciccone and Madonna Fortin. Tony, the son of Italian immigrants, was the first of his family to go to college, where he earned a degree in engineering. Madonna's mother, an x-ray technician and former dancer, was of French Canadian descent. After their marriage in 1955, the couple moved to Pontiac, Michigan, to be close to Tony's job as a defense engineer. Madonna was born three years later, during a visit with family in Bay City. The third of six children, Madonna learned early on how to handle her role as the middle child, admitting that she was "the sissy of the family" who often used her feminine wiles to get her way.
Her parents' strict observation of the Catholic faith played a large role in Madonna's childhood. "My mother was a religious zealot," Madonna explains. "There were always priests and nuns in my house growing up." Many elements of Catholic iconography—including her mother's statues of the Sacred Heart, the habits of the nuns at her Catholic elementary school, and the Catholic altar at which she and her family prayed daily—later became the subject of Madonna's most controversial works.
Another heavy influence on Madonna's early life was her mother, who was diagnosed with breast cancer during her pregnancy with Madonna's youngest sister. Treatment had to be delayed until the baby reached full term, but by then the disease had grown too strong. On December 1, 1963, at the age of 30, Madonna's mother passed away. Madonna was only 5 years old at the time of her mother's death.
The loss of her mother significantly affected Madonna's adolescence. Haunted by the memories of her mother's frailty and passive demeanor during her final days, Madonna was determined to make her own voice heard. "I think the biggest reason I was able to express myself and not be intimidated was by not having a mother," she says. "For example, mothers teach you manners. And I absolutely did not learn any of those rules and regulations."
She fought especially hard against the rules imposed by her stepmother, Joan Gustafson, who met Madonna's father while working as the family housekeeper. Madonna says Gustafson often made her take care of the younger children in the household, a task she greatly resented. "I really saw myself as the quintessential Cinderella," Madonna later said. "I think that's when I really thought about how I wanted to do something else and get away from all that." She rebelled against her traditional upbringing by turning her conservative clothing into revealing outfits, frequenting underground gay nightclubs, and rejecting her religious background.
"Deeper and Deeper" is a song by American singer-songwriter Madonna from her fifth studio album Erotica. The song was released as the album's second single by Maverick Records. The song was written by Madonna, Shep Pettibone and Anthony Shmikin. It was produced by Madonna and Shep Pettibone and received generally favorable reviews from music critics at the time of its release. The song's accompanying music video received mixed reviews from both fans and critics alike, with some proclaiming it Madonna's most intriguing music video. "Deeper and Deeper" was released as the second official single from the album. It also appeared on her 2001 compilation album GVH2 in a shorter edit form.
"Deeper and Deeper" is a dance-oriented song. It also features other musical structures such as the use of acoustic guitars, with some Spanish, flamenco style lead and the use of castanet beats in the song's bridge. The song has been described by critics as "Pure Disco". Lyrically the song is a metaphor about a boy coming to accept his homosexuality. The song also shares similarities with Madonna's previous 1990 hit "Vogue" and also features a reference to "Vogue" towards the ending part of the song (the lyrics "You got to just let your body move to the music/you got to just let your body go with the flow" are taken from "Vogue"). There's also a reference to the song "Do-Re-Mi" from the musical The Sound of Music in the line "When you know the notes to sing, you can sing most anything". The song received generally positive reviews from music critics, who complimented the song's refreshing dance oriented nature, in contrast to the previous single, the sexually explicit Erotica, and called it one of Madonna's strongest disco-oriented songs.